Abstract A014: Modeling recurrent chromosomal alterations in renal cell carcinoma evolutionRashmi Dahiya, Peter Ly
- Cancer Research
The loss of one copy of chromosome 3p represents an early truncal genetic event in the majority of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tumors. Chromosome 3p loss can be initiated by chromothripsis, a process in which mis-segregated chromosomes entrapped within abnormal nuclear structures called micronuclei become pulverized into small genomic fragments. These fragments are then re-stitched together to form complex rearrangements that are accompanied by extensive segmental deletions that inactivate critical tumor suppressor genes located on chromosome 3p. Despite being a driver of ccRCC development, the mechanism(s) that initiate chromosome 3p chromothripsis followed by pressures that select for specific rearrangement patterns are poorly understood. To recapitulate early genetic events arising throughout ccRCC evolution, here we developed chromosome 3p-specific micronuclei models in non-transformed human renal proximal tubule epithelial cells (RPTECs) to interrogate recurrent patterns of chromosomal alterations that promote renal cell tumorigenesis. To do so, we used CRISPR/Cas9 to induce a DNA double-strand break on chromosome 3p, which generates chromosome 3p-specific micronuclei when the acentric arm is left unrepaired into the subsequent mitosis. DNA fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed that mis-segregation of chromosome 3p into micronuclei induces chromosome pulverization and rearrangements. Notably, these alterations are sufficient to provide a selective advantage by enabling anchorage-independent growth in vitro. Cytogenetic characterization of partially transformed RPTECs revealed enrichment of chromosome 3p rearrangements, which were gradually lost upon propagation as conventional monolayer cultures. These results provide mechanistic insight into the origins of chromosome 3p alterations in ccRCC and further highlight the role of selection pressure in shaping genome evolution.
Citation Format: Rashmi Dahiya, Peter Ly. Modeling recurrent chromosomal alterations in renal cell carcinoma evolution [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR Special Conference: Advances in Kidney Cancer Research; 2023 Jun 24-27; Austin, Texas. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2023;83(16 Suppl):Abstract nr A014.