DOI: 10.3390/polym15163388 ISSN:

A Visco-Hyperelastic Constitutive Model to Characterize the Stress-Softening Behavior of Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer Rubber

Xiu Liu, Chen Liu, Dingxiang Zhu, Jianguo Lin
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Chemistry

Uniaxial and biaxial cyclic tensile tests and stress relaxation tests were performed on the ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) material to investigate its stress-softening effect. The experimental results reveal that the EPDM material presents a significant Mullins effect during the cyclic stretching processes. Furthermore, it is found that the deformation of the EPDM material does not return to zero simultaneously with the stress, due to the viscoelasticity of the EPDM material. Therefore, this study combines pseudo-elasticity theory and viscoelastic theory to propose a visco-hyperelastic constitutive model. The proposed model is used to fit and analyze the uniaxial and biaxial cyclic test results of EPDM and a comparison is conducted with the corresponding hyper-elastic constitutive model. The results show that the proposed model is in good agreement with the experimental data and superior to the hyper-elastic constitutive model, especially when it comes to the stress-softening unloading process. This work is conducive to accurately characterizing the stress-softening behavior of rubber-like materials at large deformation and can provide some theoretical guidance for their widespread application in industry.

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