DOI: 10.3390/toxins15090532 ISSN:

A UK Single-Center, Retrospective, Noninterventional Study of Clinical Outcomes and Costs of Two BotulinumtoxinA Treatments for Limb Spasticity

Clive Bezzina, Vadim Degtiar, Natalya Danchenko, Pascal Maisonobe, Benjamin Davis, Emanuel Engmann, Elodie Guyon, Sophie Lecanuet, John Whalen
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Toxicology

Service model changes at the North Staffordshire Rehabilitation Centre (UK) included switching spasticity treatment from onabotulinumtoxinA (onaBoNT-A) to abobotulinumtoxinA (aboBoNT-A). This noninterventional, retrospective, longitudinal study (NCT04396704) describes the clinical and economic outcomes in toxin-naive adults with spasticity who received onaBoNT-A (Cohort 1; 2015–2017) or aboBoNT-A (Cohort 2; 2017–2019). Outcomes included Goal Attainment Scale T (GAS-T) score, treatment satisfaction, quality of life (QoL; EQ-5D visual analog scale [VAS] score), and treatment costs. Adverse events were recorded for Cohort 2. Cohort 1 included 60 patients (mean [standard deviation] dose, 206.0 [98.8] U); Cohort 2 included 54 patients (753.7 [457.3] U). Mean (95% confidence interval) GAS-T scores for Cohorts 1 and 2 were 43.1 (39.3–46.9) and 47.8 (43.7–51.9) at Week 6, and 43.2 and 44.3 at Week 12, respectively. In both cohorts most patients were satisfied with treatment. At Week 12, QoL had not changed in Cohort 1 but had improved in Cohort 2 (EQ-5D VAS, −5). Mean estimated per-patient costs (in 2021) for Cohorts 1 and 2 were £315.56 and £249.25, respectively, at Week 6, and £343.20 and £273.21, respectively, at Week 12. Fifteen non–treatment-related serious adverse events and two deaths were recorded. These data may warrant a larger prospective study powered to compare outcomes of aboBoNT-A and onaBoNT-A.

More from our Archive