DOI: 10.1049/esi2.12135 ISSN: 2516-8401

A two‐stage, four‐layer robust optimisation model for distributed cooperation in multi‐microgrids

Haobo Rong, Jianhui Wang, Honghai Kuang
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Engineering


As the integration of microgrids (MG) and energy storage continues to grow, the need for efficient distributed cooperation between MGs and common energy storage (CES) becomes paramount. A robust optimisation model for the distributed cooperation of MG‐CES is presented, taking into account distributed generation under uncertainty. The proposed model follows a two‐stage, four‐layer ‘min‐min‐max‐min’ structure. In the first stage, the initial layer ‘min’ addresses the distributed cooperation problem between MG and CES, while the second stage employs ‘min‐max‐min’ to optimise the scheduling of MG. To enhance the solution process and expedite convergence, the authors introduce a column‐constrained generation algorithm with alternating iterations of U and D variables (CCG‐UD) specifically designed for the three‐layer structure in the second stage. This algorithm effectively decouples subproblems, contributing to accelerated solutions. To tackle the convergence challenges posed by the non‐convex MG‐CES model, the authors integrate the Bregman alternating direction method with multipliers (BADMM) with CCG‐UD in the final solution step. Real case tests are conducted using three zone‐level MGs to validate the efficacy of the proposed model and methodology. The results demonstrate the practical utility and efficiency of the developed approach in addressing distributed cooperation challenges in microgrid systems with energy storage.

More from our Archive