DOI: 10.3390/jof9090865 ISSN:

A Terbinafine Sensitive Trichophyton indotineae Strain in Italy: The First Clinical Case of tinea corporis and onychomycosis

Silvia Crotti, Deborah Cruciani, Sara Spina, Vincenzo Piscioneri, Ylenia Natalini, Giovanni Pezzotti, Michela Sabbatucci, Manuela Papini
  • Plant Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Microbiology (medical)

Trichophyton indotineae is an emerging dermatophyte species that plays a relevant role in human healthcare. It has been associated with severe chronic skin infections and a high level of terbinafine resistance. T. indotineae is endemic to India, Iran, and Iraq but several cases have been reported in Europe, recently. In this manuscript, the authors report the first clinical description of a tinea corporis and onychomycosis due to T. indotineae. The patient was a 42-year-old female from India that has lived in Umbria (Central Italy) for the last two years. Firstly, a dermatological examination suggested dermatophytosis: mycology isolation from cultures and macro- and microscopical features identified the colonies as belonging to the T. mentagrophytes/T. interdigitale species complex. Subsequently, ITS1/ITS4 end-point PCR and Sanger sequencing identified the strain as T. indotineae. Lastly, a DermaGenius® Resistance Multiplex real-time PCR assay was carried out, targeting the mutations in the SQLE gene to establish terbinafine resistance or susceptibility of the strain. The melting curve observed was compatible with wild-type positive control, identifying the strain as T. indotineae terbinafine-sensitive. An oral terbinafine treatment was associated with a topical ciclopirox nail solution, resulting in remission in its clinical manifestation. On 3 July 2023, the local Prevention Service notified the case to the Ministry of Health that then reported the information at national and international levels.

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