DOI: 10.3390/buildings13092164 ISSN:

A Study on Verification of Waterproofing Method Properties for Performance Grading in Apartment Houses-Upper Slab of the Underground Structure

Ki-won An, Byoung-il Kim
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture

This study evaluates waterproofing methods for underground structures in multi-unit residential buildings. The objective is to select effective methods and establish performance ratings. Experimental assessments are conducted and scores are assigned for ranking. In this regard, waterproofing methods used in the upper slab of the top floor of multi-unit residential building underground structures were investigated, and they were categorized as composite waterproofing, sheet waterproofing, and membrane waterproofing methods. For performance evaluation purposes, experiments were conducted on qualified materials and scores were assigned to each test specimen, with a total score of 100 points. Based on the test results, scores for disqualified materials were deducted and, ultimately, the rankings of waterproofing materials and methods for the upper slab of the top floor of underground structures were determined based on the total aggregated scores. Subsequently, through proximity performance evaluation, the applied waterproofing methods were experimentally verified for defect issues based on the presence or absence of a proximity layer. This led to the ranking and performance grading of a total of 12 materials. The results confirmed the necessity of a proximity layer-dependent waterproofing method and highlighted the superiority of the composite waterproofing method with a proximity layer. Additionally, differences in installation methods and material properties between sheet and membrane waterproofing methods were identified, resulting in variations in performance grading.

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