DOI: 10.1002/cbdv.202301932 ISSN: 1612-1872

A Review of the Ethnobotany, Biological Activity, and Phytochemistry of the Plants in the Gundelia Genus

Marziyeh Mehrzadeh, Faezeh Ziaeezadeh, Ardalan Pasdaran, Ekaterina Kozuharova, Rohit Goyal, Azadeh Hamedi
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • General Medicine
  • Bioengineering

A comprehensive literature search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) catalog, and Google Scholar from January 1980 up until October 2023 on plants in the Gundelia genus. Gundelia L. (Asteraceae) has been treated as a monospecific genus with G. tournefortii L. (1753: 814) in most recent floras with wide variation in corolla color, but nowadays, the genus consists of 17 species. The unripe inflorescences of these species, especially Gundelia tournefortii L., are consumed in many ways. 'Akkoub' or 'akko' in Arabic, “Kangar” in Persian, and “Silifa” in Greek are the common names of G. tournefortii L., also known as tumble thistle in English. They have been used in traditional medicine to treat bronchitis, kidney stones, diarrhea, stomach pain, inflammation, liver and blood diseases, bacterial and fungal infections, and mumps. Based on recent studies, their extracts have exhibited hepatoprotective, hypolipidemic, antioxidant, anti‐inflammatory, and antimicrobial effects. Moreover, a variety of phytochemicals, including terpenoids, sterols, and fatty acids, as well as vitamins and minerals, have been identified in this genus. This study reviewed the ethnobotany, phytochemicals, and biological activities of the plants in the Gundelia genus as functional foods and herbal remedies.

More from our Archive