DOI: 10.3390/molecules29010111 ISSN: 1420-3049

A Qualitative Analysis of Cultured Adventitious Ginseng Root’s Chemical Composition and Immunomodulatory Effects

Hong Chen, Xiangzhu Li, Hang Chi, Zhuo Li, Cuizhu Wang, Qianyun Wang, Hao Feng, Pingya Li
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science

The cultivation of ginseng in fields is time-consuming and labor-intensive. Thus, culturing adventitious ginseng root in vitro constitutes an effective approach to accumulating ginsenosides. In this study, we employed UPLC-QTOF-MS to analyze the composition of the cultured adventitious root (cAR) of ginseng, identifying 60 chemical ingredients. We also investigated the immunomodulatory effect of cAR extract using various mouse models. The results demonstrated that the cAR extract showed significant activity in enhancing the immune response in mice. The mechanism underlying the immunomodulatory effect of cAR was analyzed through network pharmacology analysis, revealing potential ‘key protein targets’, namely TNF, AKT1, IL-6, VEGFA, and IL-1β, affected by potential ‘key components’, namely the ginsenosides PPT, F1, Rh2, CK, and 20(S)-Rg3. The signaling pathways PI3K–Akt, AGE–RAGE, and MAPK may play a vital role in this process.

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