DOI: 10.1002/mco2.505 ISSN: 2688-2663

A pilot trial of neoadjuvant pyrotinib plus trastuzumab, dalpiciclib, and letrozole for triple‐positive breast cancer

Shiwen Huo, Jinqi Xue, Shuo Wang, Huilian Shan, Guanglei Chen, Nan Niu, Yimin Wang, Fang Qiu, Yi Zhao, Fei Xing, Xinyu Zheng, Wei Tu, Ke Li, Hai Zhao, Meiyue Tang, Qianshi Xu, Chao Liu, Yafei Zhao, Xiaofan Jiang, Zheng Pang, Keliang Zhang, Dianlong Zhang, Zhe‐Sheng Chen, Caigang Liu
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry (medical)
  • Genetics (clinical)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Drug Discovery
  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Immunology and Allergy


Triple‐positive breast cancer (TPBC) poorly responds to current standard neoadjuvant therapy (trastuzumab plus pertuzumab and chemotherapy). Our previous MUKDEN 01 study showed a promising total pathological complete response (tpCR) rate of 30.4% with neoadjuvant pyrotinib (pan‐human epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor) plus dalpiciclib (cyclin‐dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitor) and letrozole, but the efficacy remains suboptimal. This pilot study (NCT05228951) explored adding trastuzumab to this triplet neoadjuvant regimen in patients with stage II–III TPBC. The primary endpoint was tpCR (ypT0/is, ypN0) rate. Between February 2022 and June 2022, 12 patients were enrolled, and seven (58%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 27.7%–84.8%) patients achieved tpCR. The rate of residual cancer burden (RCB) 0–I was 75% (95% CI, 46.8%–91.1%). The objective response rate (ORR) was 92% (95% CI, 64.6%–98.5%). Mean Ki‐67 level was significantly reduced from 45.0% (95% CI, 19.5%–70.5%) at baseline to 17.2% (95% CI, 0.7%–33.7%) after neoadjuvant therapy (p = 0.03). The most common grade 3 adverse events were diarrhea (four [33%]) and decreased neutrophil count (three [25%]). No grade 4 adverse events or treatment‐related deaths occurred. This four‐drug neoadjuvant regimen shows promising pathological response with an acceptable safety profile in patients with TPBC. A randomized controlled trial (NCT05638594) of this regimen is being conducted.

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