DOI: 10.1093/oncolo/oyad242 ISSN:

A Pilot Study of F-18 Fluciclovine-PET/CT as a Diagnostic Tool for Bone Metastases in Patients With Castrate Resistant Prostate Adenocarcinoma and Correlative Analysis of Blood and Bone Molecular Testing (The FACT Study)

Hani M Babiker, Matthew D Kay, Carol Stuehm, Gregory Woodhead, Phillip H Kuo
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology



Suspicious F-18 fluciclovine PET/CT findings for osseous metastases from prostate cancer (PC) were targeted for core needle biopsy. We correlated the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of biopsied lesions, with biopsy results, other diagnostic outcomes, and blood and tissue molecular analysis (TMA).

Material and Methods

Patients with castrate resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) were recruited from a university oncology clinic. SUVmax, histology, blood, and TMA were correlated.


Fifteen patients were enrolled and 12 underwent bone biopsies. Fifty percent of bone biopsies demonstrated malignancy. Higher SUVmax was associated with positive biopsies for adenocarcinoma (P = .003), and lesions with SUVmax ≥ 5.1 were all positive for malignancy. Significant correlation between blood and somatic TMA (P = .002) was also found.


Higher uptake of F-18 fluciclovine was associated with higher predictive value for osseous metastasis on biopsy. There was a significant correlation between blood and TMA.

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