DOI: 10.1097/mph.0000000000002744 ISSN:

A Perplexing Case of a Germ Cell Tumor: A Case Report

Priyank Rajan, Ruchira Misra, Sujata Mushrif, Bhuvaneswari Kandalkar, Ruchi Parikh, Rasiklal Shah, Purna Kurkure
  • Oncology
  • Hematology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health

Germ cell tumors (GCTs) are associated with pure gonadal dysgenesis or Swyer syndrome. Swyer syndrome usually presents with primary amenorrhea, streak ovaries, and mixed GCT. However, our patient presented with secondary amenorrhea, normal female external genitalia, and a mixed GCT. Constitutional karyotype was suggestive of 46,XY. Management comprised chemotherapy, followed by surgery. Histopathology was suggestive of dysgerminoma complicating a gonadoblastoma. The purpose of reporting this case is its rarity and the importance of diagnosing an XY karyotype, as the incidence of GCTs is higher in these patients.

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