DOI: 10.3390/s23239563 ISSN: 1424-8220

A Passive RF Testbed for Human Posture Classification in FM Radio Bands

João Pereira, Eugene Casmin, Rodolfo Oliveira
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry

This paper explores the opportunities and challenges for classifying human posture in indoor scenarios by analyzing the Frequency-Modulated (FM) radio broadcasting signal received at multiple locations. More specifically, we present a passive RF testbed operating in FM radio bands, which allows experimentation with innovative human posture classification techniques. After introducing the details of the proposed testbed, we describe a simple methodology to detect and classify human posture. The methodology includes a detailed study of feature engineering and the assumption of three traditional classification techniques. The implementation of the proposed methodology in software-defined radio devices allows an evaluation of the testbed’s capability to classify human posture in real time. The evaluation results presented in this paper confirm that the accuracy of the classification can be approximately 90%, showing the effectiveness of the proposed testbed and its potential to support the development of future innovative classification techniques by only sensing FM bands in a passive mode.

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