DOI: 10.2217/rme-2023-0193 ISSN: 1746-0751

A ‘one stone, two birds’ approach with mesenchymal stem cells for acute respiratory distress syndrome and Type II diabetes mellitus

Mogesh Sababathy, Ghayathri Ramanathan, Nor Yasmin Abd Rahaman, Rajesh Ramasamy, Foo Jhi Biau, Daniel Looi Qi Hao, Nur-Fazila Saulol Hamid
  • Embryology
  • Biomedical Engineering

This review explores the intricate relationship between acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It covers ARDS epidemiology, etiology and pathophysiology, along with current treatment trends and challenges. The lipopolysaccharides (LPS) role in ARDS and its association between non-communicable diseases and COVID-19 are discussed. The review highlights the therapeutic potential of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) for ARDS and T2DM, emphasizing their immunomodulatory effects. This review also underlines how T2DM exacerbates ARDS pathophysiology and discusses the potential of hUC-MSCs in modulating immune responses. In conclusion, the review highlights the multidisciplinary approach to managing ARDS and T2DM, focusing on inflammation, oxidative stress and potential therapy of hUC-MSCs in the future.

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