DOI: 10.1177/00219983231223568 ISSN: 0021-9983

A numerical and experimental identification of crystallinity gradients in carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites obtained by laser assisted filament winding

Anna Maria El Bayssari, Mael Péron, Anaïs Barasinski, Frédéric Jacquemin, Federica Daghia, Damien Guillon
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites

The presence of temperature and crystallinity gradients in carbon fiber–reinforced PolyEtherEtherKetone (PEEK) composite laminates, produced via laser-assisted tape placement, is investigated in this paper. The manufacturing process takes place with high deposition speed and using localized laser source for heating, therefore enhancing the formation of temperature and crystallinity gradients through the laminate thickness. A previously validated thermal model coupled with a non-isothermal crystallinity model and a fusion model are used to simulate the temperature and crystallinity distributions through the laminate thickness. The results from the model are correlated with Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) tests and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) tests since a crystallinity gradient is difficult to monitor experimentally. The simulated gradients suggested the presence of an amorphous layer between two consecutive plies and an increase in the crystallinity through the material’s thickness. This observation is correlated with the behavior reported for the semi-crystalline laminates during the DMA test, where the modulus drops abruptly during the glass transition, a typical behavior for an amorphous material.

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