Shaoyan Xi, Qitao Huang, Jing Zeng

A novel grading system combining histological grade and CDKN2A homozygous and hemizygous deletion to predict prognosis in IDH-mutant astrocytoma

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Neurology (clinical)
  • Neurology
  • General Medicine
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Abstract Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant astrocytoma with microvascular proliferation, necrosis, CDKN2A/B homozygous deletion, or any combination of these features corresponds to World Health Organization grade 4 according to current criteria. However, the prognostic significance of CDKN2A hemizygous deletion in IDH-mutant astrocytoma is not well established. We undertook a comprehensive study that included assessments of histological and genetic approaches to prognosis for these tumors. Samples from a cohort of 114 patients with extended observation were subjected to histological review and molecular analysis. CDKN2A (9p21) deletion was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Overall survival (OS) was calculated via Kaplan-Meier estimation using the log-rank test. Histological grade, Ki-67 index, and the extent of surgical resection correlated with the OS of IDH-mutant astrocytoma patients. Both CDKN2A homozygous deletion and hemizygous deletion were detectable. Patients with CDKN2A homozygous-deletion tumors had the poorest OS; those with CDKN2A hemizygous-deletion tumors had an intermediate OS (p < .001). We then established a novel grading system that combined CDKN2A homozygous and hemizygous deletions with histological grade; the combined grading system was an independent prognostic factor for IDH-mutant astrocytomas. We conclude that CDKN2A homozygous and hemizygous deletion should be combined in a grading system for IDH-mutant astrocytomas.

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