A Novel Computationally Efficient Approach for Exploring Neural Entrainment to Continuous Speech Stimuli Incorporating Cross-CorrelationLuong Do Anh Quan, Le Thi Trang, Hyosung Joo, Dongseok Kim, Jihwan Woo
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Computer Science Applications
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- General Engineering
- General Materials Science
A linear system identification technique has been widely used to track neural entrainment in response to continuous speech stimuli. Although the approach of the standard regularization method using ridge regression provides a straightforward solution to estimate and interpret neural responses to continuous speech stimuli, inconsistent results and costly computational processes can arise due to the need for parameter tuning. We developed a novel approach to the system identification method called the detrended cross-correlation function, which aims to map stimulus features to neural responses using the reverse correlation and derivative of convolution. This non-parametric (i.e., no need for parametric tuning) approach can maintain consistent results. Moreover, it provides a computationally efficient training process compared to the conventional method of ridge regression. The detrended cross-correlation function correctly captures the temporal response function to speech envelope and the spectral–temporal receptive field to speech spectrogram in univariate and multivariate forward models, respectively. The suggested model also provides more efficient computation compared to the ridge regression to process electroencephalography (EEG) signals. In conclusion, we suggest that the detrended cross-correlation function can be comparably used to investigate continuous speech- (or sound-) evoked EEG signals.