DOI: 10.3390/app13169438 ISSN:

A Novel Approach to Satellite Component Health Assessment Based on the Wasserstein Distance and Spectral Clustering

Yongchao Hui, Yuehua Cheng, Bin Jiang, Xiaodong Han, Lei Yang
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

This research presents a multiparameter approach to satellite component health assessment aimed at addressing the increasing demand for in-orbit satellite component health assessment. The method encompasses three key enhancements. Firstly, the utilization of the Wasserstein distance as an indicator simplifies the decision-making process for assessing the health of data distributions. This enhancement allows for a more robust handling of noisy sensor data, resulting in improved accuracy in health assessment. Secondly, the original limitation of assessing component health within the same parameter class is overcome by extending the evaluation to include multiple parameter classes. This extension leads to a more comprehensive assessment of satellite component health. Lastly, the method employs spectral clustering to determine the boundaries of different health status classes, offering an objective alternative to traditional expert-dependent approaches. By adopting this technique, the proposed method enhances the objectivity and accuracy of the health status classification. The experimental results show that the method is able to accurately describe the trends in the health status of components. Its effectiveness in real-time health assessment and monitoring of satellite components is confirmed. This research provides a valuable reference for further research on satellite component health assessment. It introduces novel and enhanced ideas and methodologies for practical applications.

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