DOI: 10.3390/en16176140 ISSN:

A Novel Allocation Strategy Based on the Model Predictive Control of Primary Frequency Regulation Power for Multiple Distributed Energy Storage Aggregators

Tian Mao, Shan He, Yingcong Guan, Mingbo Liu, Wenmeng Zhao, Tao Wang, Wenjun Tang
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

As the amount of distributed energy storage (DES) in a power system continues to increase, it will not be long before there are multiple DES aggregators participating in frequency regulation, and the realization of their coordinated control is a critical topic of current research. This study focused on the primary frequency regulation (PFR) power allocation strategy among multiple DES aggregators participating in PFR. This study first calculated the PFR demand according to a system frequency response model of the power system with DESs. Next, a PFR power allocation model of DES aggregators was developed based on model predictive control. The objective of this model was to minimize the overall frequency regulation cost while satisfying all of the constraints of DESs. Finally, the distributed interior point method was used to solve the model rapidly. The correctness and effectiveness of the proposed model and algorithm were verified on two unified transmission and distribution systems with DES aggregators used to supply the PFR service. The results revealed that the proposed model could effectively allocate PFR power to the various types of energy storage, with the additional benefits of slowing down the shift in the state of charge for energy storage units and ensuring the continuity of energy storage participation in frequency regulation.

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