DOI: 10.1063/5.0171086 ISSN: 2158-3226

A new design method for the vortex hydrogen circulating pump system

Ji-Qiang Li, Cheng-Lin Leng, Jeong-Tae Kwon
  • General Physics and Astronomy

Against the backdrop of “carbon peak and carbon neutrality,” the hydrogen and fuel cell vehicle industry are rapidly developing. Within the on-board hydrogen supply system, the hydrogen circulation pump serves as an essential component of the hydrogen fuel cell system. The spiral disk, as a core part of the hydrogen fuel cell system’s vortex hydrogen circulation pump (VHCP), plays a crucial role in determining the performance of the hydrogen circulation system in hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. To meet the requirements for high-performance and high-reliability development of the hydrogen circulation pump, the VHCP scheme is adopted as the choice for the hydrogen pump solution. Through the magnetic suspension and no connection shaft structural design, the feasibility of applying the high speed and high flow hydrogen turbine was initially validated. Utilizing Fluent analysis software and high precision performance test bench, a comprehensive three-dimensional numerical simulation of the turbine design under various operating conditions was conducted and performance test verification, demonstrating that the performance meets the required specifications. By conducting research in both strength optimization design and performance requirement, two major technical challenges in turbine pump application were overcome. Combined with the experimental results of the turbine medium, it is concluded that the vortex pump can meet the flow and pressure rise under the premise of low power consumption in the hydrogen circulation system so as to perfectly increase the hydrogen return amount. Based on these findings, recommendations are proposed for the future development direction of hydrogen supply systems in hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

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