DOI: 10.1002/vms3.1244 ISSN:

A molecular survey of Chlamydia spp. infection in commercial poultry and detection of Chlamydia pneumoniae in a commercial turkey flock in Iran

Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hashemian, Seyed Ahmad Madani, Manoochehr Allymehr, Alireza Talebi
  • General Veterinary



Chlamydiaceae are a group of gram‐negative intracellular bacteria which can infect a wide variety of hosts. Some chlamydial agents are capable of crossing the host barrier and though they are potentially a risk to very different species. They also pose a zoonotic risk for human and different chlamydial agents are linked to several medical maladies.


In this study, the presence of chlamydial agents in different commercial poultry flocks in Iran was investigated.


Swab and tissue samples were collected from 435 birds in 24 different commercial poultry flocks. These samples were examined using a Chlamydiaceae‐specific real‐time PCR assay targeting 23S rRNA gene. Positive samples then were subjected to intergenic spacer rRNA (IGS) gene and major outer membrane protein gene (ompA) PCRs. Finally, positive PCR products were sequenced and analysed.


Only one flock of commercial turkey became positive. Partial DNA sequencing of IGS gene revealed that all positive samples from the infected flock were Chlamydia pneumoniae and were identical to previously studied isolates from koala (LPCoLN) and frog (DC9). Further investigations showed slight dissimilarity in ompA gene of C. pneumoniae from different hosts. The detected turkey isolates were located in a different clade of phylogenetic tree, close to Western barred bandicoot and koala isolates.


C. pneumoniae has passed the cross‐species barrier in the past and therefor it could potentially be zoonotic. To the best of authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of C. pneumoniae infection in commercial turkey.

More from our Archive