A Low-Complexity Accurate Ranging Algorithm for a Switch Machine Working Component Based on the Mask RCNNLili Wei, Lingkai Kong, Zhigang Liu, Zhenglong Yang, Hua Zhang
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Computer Science Applications
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- General Engineering
- General Materials Science
According to the intelligent development needs of railway operation and maintenance, turnout maintenance also needs an efficient and intelligent means of detection. It is the main method used to measure the access depth of static contact manually. In order to change the disadvantages of the low efficiency and strong subjectivity of traditional schemes, a low-complexity accurate ranging algorithm of the Mask RCNN is proposed to measure the on–off working parts. Firstly, the Mask RCNN and an interactive iterative method are used to segment the region of interest accurately twice. Secondly, the graph distortion is corrected according to the vertex mapping principle. Finally, the accurate actual distance is calculated through fitting the linear distance transformation equation. Through the secondary segmentation and correction algorithm, the accurate calculation of a small target is completed. The experimental results show that the algorithm can accurately measure the distance of different working parts; the average processing time is 0.8 s/amplitude and the measurement error is ±1 mm.