Zachariah T. Irwin, John D. Clayton, Richard A. Regueiro

A large deformation multiphase continuum mechanics model for shock loading of soft porous materials

  • Applied Mathematics
  • General Engineering
  • Numerical Analysis

AbstractA large deformation, coupled finite‐element (FE) model is developed to simulate the multiphase response of soft porous materials subjected to high strain‐rate loading. The approach is based on the theory of porous media (TPM) at large deformations. Simplifications to the one‐dimensional regime studied in the numerical simulations follow. An overview of several different time integration schemes is presented for the purpose of solving the nonlinear dynamic coupled balance of momenta (mixture and fluid) and balance of mass of the mixture equations. Numerical examples are presented for (i) verification against closed‐form analytical solutions assuming small loads, (ii) demonstrating large deformation effects at high strain‐rate, and (iii) showing differences in deformations between a single‐phase elastodynamics model with occluded compressible pore fluid and a multiphase poroelastodynamics model at high strain‐rate. The multiphase model shows that the relative motion of the pore fluid significantly dampens the deformation response of the solid skeleton as compared to the single‐phase model, and makes it possible to extract quantitative values for the stresses of the different constituents, thereby allowing one to form preliminary conclusions about the onset of damage in the solid skeleton. The novelty of the current work is developing a multiphase, large deformation, mixture theory numerical model for high strain‐rate loading of soft porous materials. It was discovered that explicit, adaptive time‐stepping Runge–Kutta schemes offer high accuracy at relatively low cost when compared to traditional implicit or explicit central difference time‐stepping schemes for shock‐like loadings. Shock viscosity is added to the mixture momentum balance equation to regularize the shock front, and a stabilization term is added to the mixture mass balance equation to stabilize equal order interpolation finite elements for the coupled finite element solution of multiphase materials.

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