Yu Ma, Yunyun Zhou, Jiaqin Long, Qi Sun, Zijiang Luo, Wenjie Wang, Ting Hou, Li Yin, Lingzhi Zhao, Juanjuan Peng, Ya Ding

A High‐Efficiency Bioorthogonal Tumor‐Membrane Reactor for In Situ Selective and Sustained Prodrug Activation

  • General Chemistry
  • Catalysis

The site‐specific activation of bioorthogonal prodrugs has provided great opportunities for reducing the severe side effects of chemotherapy. However, the precise control of activation location, sustained drug production at the target site, and high bioorthogonal reaction efficiency in vivo remain great challenges. Here, we propose the construction of tumor cell membrane reactors in vivo to solve the above problems. Specifically, tumor‐targeted liposomes with efficient membrane fusion capabilities are generated to install the bioorthogonal trigger, the amphiphilic tetrazine derivative, on the surface of tumor cells. These predecorated tumor cells act as many living reactors, transforming the tumor into a “drug factory” that in situ activates an externally delivered bioorthogonal prodrug, for example intratumorally injected transcyclooctene‐caged doxorubicin. In contrast to the rapid elimination of cargo that is encapsulated and delivered by liposomes, these reactors permit stable retention of bioorthogonal triggers in tumor for 96 h after a single dose of liposomes via intravenous injection, allowing sustained generation of doxorubicin. Interestingly, an additional supplement of liposomes will compensate for the trigger consumed by the reaction and significantly improve the efficiency of the local reaction. This strategy provides a solution to the efficacy versus safety dilemma of tumor chemotherapy.

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