A Green and Cost-Effective Chromatographic Method for the Measurement of the Activity of Human Serum CarnosinaseChiara de Giacomi, Luca Regazzoni
- Filtration and Separation
- Analytical Chemistry
Carnosinase (i.e., CN1; E.C. 22.214.171.124) is an enzyme found in the sera of higher primates. CN1 preferentially catalyzes the hydrolysis of natural, orally adsorbed histidine dipeptides like carnosine (i.e., β-alanyl-L-histidine). This is the reason why carnosine has a limited use as a human food supplement or pharmacological agent, despite the promising results obtained in experiments on animal models of human diseases. Herein, an assay is reported for the measurement of serum CN1 activity. The method is intended for the screening of CN1 inhibitors able to enhance carnosine bioavailability in humans. The method was developed to monitor serum hydrolytic activity via the quantitation of one of the products of carnosine hydrolysis (i.e., histidine). Separation was achieved without using organic solvents by means of ion chromatography (IC), whereas detection was provided by UV spectroscopy. The assay herein reported is a green and cost-effective alternative to a recently published method based on hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) and mass spectrometry (MS). The results show that such a method produces reliable measurements of serum hydrolytic activity and can be used for the screening of CN1 inhibitors.