DOI: 10.1002/smll.202306763 ISSN: 1613-6810

A Dynamically Stable Sulfide Electrolyte Architecture for High‐Performance All‐Solid‐State Lithium Metal Batteries

Xinyang Wang, Wei Jiang, Xinxin Zhu, Siyuan Li, Shichao Zhang, Qian Wu, Jiahui Zhang, Wei Zhong, Shu Zhao, Hao Cheng, Yuanzhong Tan, Min Ling, Yingying Lu
  • Biomaterials
  • Biotechnology
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemistry


All‐solid‐state batteries employing sulfide solid electrolyte and Li metal anode are promising because of their high safety and energy densities. However, the interface between Li metal and sulfides suffers from catastrophic instability which stems the practical use. Here, a dynamically stable sulfide electrolyte architecture to construct the hierarchy of interface stability is reported. By rationally designing the multilayer structures of sulfide electrolytes, the dynamic decomposing‐alloying process from MS4 (M = Ge or Sn) unit in sulfide interlayer can significantly prohibit Li dendrite penetration is revealed. The abundance of highly electronic insulating decompositions, such as Li2S, at the sulfide interlayer interface helps to well constrain the dynamic decomposition process and preserve the long‐term polarization stability is also highlighted. By using Li6PS5Cl||Li10SnP2S12||Li6PS5Cl electrolyte architecture, Li metal anode shows an unprecedented critical current density over 3 mA cm−2 and achieves the steady over‐potential for ≈900 hours. Based upon the merits, the Li||LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 battery delivers a remarkable 75.3% retention even after 600 cycles at 1 C (1C–0.95 mA cm−2) under a low stack pressure of 15 MPa.

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