DOI: 10.3390/app14010114 ISSN: 2076-3417

A Dual-Tree–Complex Wavelet Transform-Based Infrared and Visible Image Fusion Technique and Its Application in Tunnel Crack Detection

Feng Wang, Tielin Chen
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

Computer vision methods have been widely used in recent years for the detection of structural cracks. To address the issues of poor image quality and the inadequate performance of semantic segmentation networks under low-light conditions in tunnels, in this paper, infrared images are used, and a preprocessing method based on image fusion technology is developed. First, the DAISY descriptor and the perspective transform are applied for image alignment. Then, the source image is decomposed into high- and low-frequency components of different scales and directions using DT-CWT, and high- and low-frequency subband fusion rules are designed according to the characteristics of infrared and visible images. Finally, a fused image is reconstructed from the processed coefficients, and the fusion results are evaluated using the improved semantic segmentation network. The results show that using the proposed fusion method to preprocess images leads to a low false alarm rate and low missed detection rate in comparison to those using the source image directly or using the classical fusion algorithm.

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