DOI: 10.1063/5.0159574 ISSN:

A design of ultra-short-term power prediction algorithm driven by wind turbine operation and maintenance data for LSTM-SA neural network

Hong You, Renyuan Jia, Xiaolei Chen, Lingxiang Huang
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Due to factors such as meteorology and geography, the generated power of wind turbines fluctuates frequently. In this way, power changes should be predicted in grid connection to take control measures in time. In this paper, an operation and maintenance data-driven LSTM-SA (long short-term memory with self-attention) prediction algorithm is designed to predict the ultra-short-term power of wind turbines. First, the wind turbine operation and maintenance data, including wind speed, blade deflection angle, yaw angle, humidity, and temperature, are subjected to feature selection by using the Pearson correlation coefficient method and the Lasso algorithm, thereby establishing the correlation between wind speed, blade deflection angle, and out power. Then, full-connect neural network is trained to establish a mapping model of wind speed, blade deflection angle, and out power. The power change rate k is calculated by the derivative of output power to wind speed. Finally, based on the historical power data and the power change rate k, the LSTM neural network power prediction model is trained to calculate the output power prediction value. In order to increase the training efficiency and reduce the delay, the self-attention mechanism is used to optimize the hidden layer of the LSTM model. The test results show that, compared with similar prediction algorithms, this algorithm has higher prediction accuracy, faster convergence speed, and better stability, which can solve the problem of accurately predicting ultra-short-term power when wind power training data is inadequate.

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