DOI: 10.1063/1.2065267 ISSN:

A density-functional model of the dispersion interaction

Axel D. Becke, Erin R. Johnson
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • General Physics and Astronomy

We have recently introduced [J. Chem. Phys. 122, 154104 (2005)] a simple parameter-free model of the dispersion interaction based on the instantaneous in space, dipole moment of the exchange hole. The model generates remarkably accurate interatomic and intermolecular C6 dispersion coefficients, and geometries and binding energies of intermolecular complexes. The model involves, in its original form, occupied Hartree-Fock or Kohn-Sham orbitals. Here we present a density-functional reformulation depending only on total density, the gradient and Laplacian of the density, and the kinetic-energy density. This density-functional model performs as well as the explicitly orbital-dependent model, yet offers obvious computational advantages.

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