DOI: 10.3390/app13158899 ISSN: 2076-3417

A Deep Learning Technique to Improve Road Maintenance Systems Based on Climate Change

Haitham Elwahsh, Alaa Allakany, Maazen Alsabaan, Mohamed I. Ibrahem, Engy El-Shafeiy
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

Road maintenance systems (RMS) are crucial for maintaining safe and efficient road networks. The impact of climate change on road maintenance systems is a concern as it makes them more susceptible to weather events and subsequent damages. To tackle this issue, we propose an RMSDC (Road Maintenance Systems Using Deep Learning and Climate Adaptation) technique to improve road maintenance systems based on Deep learning and Climate Adaptation. RMSDC aims to use the multivariate classification technique and divides the dataset into training and test datasets. The RMSDC combines Convolutional Long Short-Term Memory (ConvLSTM) techniques with road weather information and sensor data. However, in emerging nations, the effects of climate change are already apparent, which makes road networks particularly susceptible to extreme weather, floods, and landslides. Therefore, climate adaptation of road networks is essential, especially in developing nations with limited financial resources. To address this issue, we propose an intelligent and effective RMSDC that utilizes deep learning algorithms based on climate change predictions. The ConvLSTM block effectively captures the relationship between input features over time to calculate the root-mean deviation (RMSD). We evaluate RMSDC performance against frameworks for downscaling climate variables using two metrics: root-mean-square error (RMSE) and mean absolute difference. Through real evaluations, RMSDC consistently outperforms approaches with a reduced RMSE of 0.26. These quantitative results highlight how effective RMSDC is in addressing maintenance systems on road networks leading to proactive road maintenance strategies that enhance traffic safety, reduce costs, and improve environmental sustainability.

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