DOI: 10.3390/jpm14010001 ISSN: 2075-4426

A Curcumin-Based Oral Gel Has Potential Protective Efficacy against Oral Mucositis: In Vitro Study

Majdy Idrees, Omar Kujan
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Oral mucositis is a common distressing complication of cancer therapy, characterised by painful sores within the oral cavity. Current management options offer limited symptomatic relief. Curcumin, a natural polyphenolic compound with recognised anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, has emerged as a potential protective agent against oral mucositis. This study explores the therapeutic potential of curcumin in mitigating the impact of oral mucositis by investigating a commercially available curcumin-based oral gel, PerioGold®. Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry was used to characterise the main constituents of PerioGold®. The cytotoxicity of curcumin constituent was investigated in four cell lines: primary oral keratinocytes (HOKs), immortalised oral keratinocytes (OKF6), dysplastic oral keratinocytes (DOKs), and oral squamous cell carcinoma cells (PE/CA-PJ15). Concentrations of hydrogen peroxide were optimised to develop in vitro models that mimic oral mucositis. The inhibitory effects of PerioGold® against the production of reactive oxygen species were assessed using a designated kit. OKF6 cells were the most sensitive to oxidative stress, while PE/CA-PJ15 cells showed the highest resistance. Pretreatment of the investigated cells for 24 h with PerioGold® demonstrated a significant antioxidative effect in all cells based on a dose–response pattern. PerioGold® exhibits clinical potential for protecting against oxidative stress, warranting further individualised clinical investigations.

More from our Archive