DOI: 10.1386/jdmp_00136_7 ISSN: 2516-3523

A cultural levy or a digital streaming service tax: New film industry levies conflicting with the EU member states’s bilateral tax treaty obligations and OECD digital tax agreements?

Svitlana Buriak
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Media Technology
  • Communication

This note highlights the obstacles that the film levy, as a form of financial contributions on video on demand (VoD) service providers under Article 13(2) of the 2018 EU Audiovisual Media Service Directive, may face in a cross-border context from an international tax perspective. In particular, the first obstacle is that the double tax treaties of member states exclude the possibility to levy income taxes on a foreign VoD service provider if it has no fixed and permanent presence, for example, an office, in the country. Second, the new global tax agreement on addressing the tax challenges of digitalization demands its parties (137 countries) to remove all unilateral domestic taxes on all digital services and all companies.

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