Yue Liu, Tianji Zou, Hongyong Fu

A Conflict Evidence Fusion Method Based on Bray–Curtis Dissimilarity and the Belief Entropy

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Mathematics
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

The D-S evidence theory is extensively applied to manage uncertain information. However, the theory encounters challenges related to conflicts during the fusion process, impeding the precise identification of multi-subset focal elements. This paper introduces a novel method for conflicting evidence fusion that incorporates the Bray–Curtis dissimilarity, cosine distance of the included angle, and belief entropy. The method comprehensively evaluates three aspects—evidence similarity, evidence distance, and the amount of information—while considering factors like the credibility and uncertainty of evidence. Initially, the evidence undergoes conversion into single-subset focal element evidence through the improved Pignistic probability function. Subsequently, the credibility between pieces of evidence is established using the Bray–Curtis dissimilarity and angle cosine distance, while the uncertainty of the evidence is computed using belief entropy. The weighted correction coefficient of the evidence is determined by integrating the credibility and uncertainty of the evidence. Subsequently, the corrected evidence is fused using the D-S evidence theory to derive the final judgment. An analysis of two sets of arithmetic examples, considering both single-subset and multi-subset focal elements, demonstrates the faster convergence and enhanced accuracy and reliability of the proposed method in comparison to existing approaches.

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