DOI: 10.1177/00219983231223821 ISSN: 0021-9983

A comparative study on the influence of fiber enzymatic treatment in thermal, morphological and mechanical properties of PBS matrix reinforced with different date palm fibers: Under accelerated UV radiation exposure

Rania Chaari, Mohamed Khlif, Chedly Bradai, Catherine Lacoste, Philippe Dony
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites

The use of natural fiber-reinforced polymer materials has become increasingly common in various applications. However, the performance and durability of these composites in outdoor applications are not fully understood. Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate the impact of an artificial ultraviolet radiation on the degradation behavior of composites based on a Poly Butylene Succinate (PBS) matrix. The reinforcement materials used in this research were the trunk and palm fibers obtained from date palm trees. Specifically, the effect of modifying the fiber surface with an enzymatic treatment on the interfacial adhesion fiber/matrix as well as on the rate of deterioration of the resulted composites, under accelerated aging, was assessed. Changes in the composite’s thermal stability, surface morphology and mechanical properties were determined after aging. A sharp transition in the behavior of the PBS matrix was observed after UV exposure, shifting from slight ductility following 100 h to brittleness after 700 h. The aging process resulted in a decrease in the thermal stability of all composites. However, the composites containing treated fibers exhibited better thermal stability compared to those with untreated fibers. Additionally, the use of enzyme-treated fibers in the composites promoted greater stability in the mechanical properties even after aging. The reinforcement of the composites with palm fibers yielded better interfacial adhesion compared to the use of trunk fibers, and resulted in better retention in the tensile strength property after aging. The enzymatic treatment facilitated stronger physical attachment between the fibers and the matrix, preventing any fiber or interface degradation.

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