DOI: 10.3390/computers13010013 ISSN: 2073-431X

A Comparative Study on Recent Automatic Data Fusion Methods

Luis Manuel Pereira, Addisson Salazar, Luis Vergara
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Human-Computer Interaction

Automatic data fusion is an important field of machine learning that has been increasingly studied. The objective is to improve the classification performance from several individual classifiers in terms of accuracy and stability of the results. This paper presents a comparative study on recent data fusion methods. The fusion step can be applied at early and/or late stages of the classification procedure. Early fusion consists of combining features from different sources or domains to form the observation vector before the training of the individual classifiers. On the contrary, late fusion consists of combining the results from the individual classifiers after the testing stage. Late fusion has two setups, combination of the posterior probabilities (scores), which is called soft fusion, and combination of the decisions, which is called hard fusion. A theoretical analysis of the conditions for applying the three kinds of fusion (early, late, and late hard) is introduced. Thus, we propose a comparative analysis with different schemes of fusion, including weaknesses and strengths of the state-of-the-art methods studied from the following perspectives: sensors, features, scores, and decisions.

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