DOI: 10.37394/232018.2024.12.15 ISSN: 2415-1521

A Comparative Study of Statistical and Deep Learning Model-Base weather Prediction in Albania

Malvina Xhabafti, Blerina Vika, Valentina Sinaj
  • General Engineering
  • General Computer Science

Rainfalls are one of the most important climate variables that today impact significantly different sectors like agriculture, energy, industry, and so on. Agriculture is one of the most sensitive sectors to climate change because rainfalls in this case, directly affect the positive progress of corps activity. In this case, forecasting rainfalls would help farmers to effectively survive the increasing occurrence of extreme weather events, plan their farming activities, and reduce costs. On the other hand, circular economy (CE) promises a strategy to support sustainable and regenerative agriculture by supporting the sustainable management of water based on water resources. This paper aims to determine the best method for forecasting a natural phenomenon such as the rainfall, that today in Albania, as a result of the unpredictable flows that it often has, is a major problem in the field of agriculture. In this study, the rainfall model based on statistical methods, Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA), Error, Trend & Seasonal (ETS) and deep learning models, Long Short-Term Memory Network (LSTM), and Deep Forward Neural Network (DFNN) was developed. The study area that will be used for rainfall forecasting is Albania with a time interval between January 1901 and December 2022. The period that will be used for prediction will be January 2023- December 2024. The performance of each of the models used has been evaluated by using Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) where we also used the comparison of training and validation loss curves to analyze and avoid the model overfitting in the training phase. The results showed that from the comparison between ARIMA and ETS, ETS has the minimum prediction error value while between LSTM and DFNN, DFNN has the best performance in the evaluation metrics (RMSE) and with the best training and validation loss curves. From the final comparison, ETS was better than the DFNN model with the lowest root mean square error (RMSE). ETS was the best model and provided higher accuracy in precipitation forecast.

More from our Archive