DOI: 10.3390/sym15122149 ISSN: 2073-8994

A Compact Microwave Quadrature Hybrid Coupler Using Capacitive Composite Lines and Meandered Stubs

Sobhan Roshani, Salah I. Yahya, Maher Assaad, Muhammad Akmal Chaudhary, Fawwaz Hazzazi, Yazeed Yasin Ghadi, Sarmad M. Ali, Saeed Roshani
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Mathematics
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)

In this paper, a new structure of the quadrature hybrid coupler (QHC) with compact size is proposed using capacitive composite lines and meandered open stubs. The proposed coupler works at 1.6 GHz with a 0.4 GHz bandwidth, which shows 25% fractional bandwidth (FBW). The proposed QHC occupies only 15 mm × 15 mm (0.12 λ × 0.12 λ), while the typical QHC size is 32 mm × 32 mm (0.25 λ × 25 λ) at the same working frequency. In the designed structure, two symmetric meandered stubs and two symmetric π-shaped composite networks including capacitors and microstrip lines are applied together. The designed QHC has a small size and occupies only 22% of the area of the conventional QHC, resulting in a 78% size reduction. The designed prototype has been analyzed, fabricated and tested, and the experimental results verify the simulated and analysis results. The results show a better than 27 dB return loss, more than 28 dB isolation between the output ports and less than 0.4 dB insertion loss at the working frequency of 1600 MHz. With the achieved desirable specifications, the fabricated QHC is a suitable choice for wireless microwave applications.