DOI: 10.1515/jpem-2023-0549 ISSN: 0334-018X

A case report of odonto-hypophosphatasia with a novel variant in the ALPL gene

Yuji Oto, Daiki Suzuki, Tsubasa Morita, Takeshi Inoue, Akihisa Nitta, Nobuyuki Murakami, Yuuka Abe, Yoshinobu Hamada, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Tomoyo Matsubara
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health



Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare skeletal dysplasia caused by variants in the alkaline phosphatase (ALPL) gene. More than 400 pathogenic variants of the ALPL gene have been registered in the ALPL gene variant database. Here, we describe the case of a Japanese child with odonto-hypophsphatasia (odonto-HPP) and a novel ALPL variant.

Case presentation

At the age of 2 years and 1 month, he prematurely lost one deciduous tooth, with the root intact, when he fell and hit his face lightly. Three months later, he lost another adjacent deciduous tooth without incentive. His serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level was 72 U/L. His urine phosphoethanolamine (PEA) level was extremely high at 938 μmol/mg·Cre. The serum pyridoxal 5′-phosphaye (PLP) level was 255.9 nmol/L. Based on the clinical symptoms and laboratory findings, the patient was clinically diagnosed with odonto-HPP. Genetic analysis of the ALPL gene revealed a heterozygous variant (NM_000478.6:c.1151C>A, p.Thr384Lys).


We report a case of odonto-HPP with a novel variant in the ALPL gene. HPP is a rare disease, and the heterozygous mutation in the ALPL gene highlights the novelty of this case.

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