DOI: 10.1155/2023/2391602 ISSN: 2090-6536

A Case Report and Literature Review of a Rare Jejunal Solitary Peutz–Jeghers-Type Polyp Resected Endoscopically in an Elderly Patient Presenting with Subacute Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Talal Alenezi, Victoria Marcus, Talat Bessissow
  • General Engineering

Solitary Peutz–Jeghers-type polyp (SPJP) is a rare hamartomatous lesion. It is considered a different entity from Peutz–Jeghers syndrome despite similar histopathological findings. It can be found in the GI tract but rarely in the jejunum. Jejunal SPJP is susceptible to necrosis, ulceration, and intussusception, resulting in GI bleeding or small bowel obstruction. We describe a case of subacute gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to jejunal SPJP to share our approach to this challenging case using therapeutic endoscopy. An 81-year-old male patient with a history of atrial fibrillation on warfarin with stable therapeutic INR levels presented with a 1-week history of melena, generalized fatigue, and shortness of breath on exertion and was found to have profound iron deficiency anemia. Esophageal gastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy failed to identify the source of bleeding; however, single-balloon enteroscopy detected a 4 cm polyp with a stalk in the proximal jejunum. Endoscopic polypectomy was performed, and the whole polyp was removed. Histopathological examination was consistent with Peutz–Jeghers polyp. The genetic analysis was negative for STK11 mutation. Follow-up magnetic resonance enterography and video capsule endoscopy did not reveal any other polypoid lesion in the GI tract. The patient’s symptoms resolved gradually, and his hemoglobin level returned back to normal levels within 6 months. To our knowledge, this is the first case of endoscopic polypectomy during balloon-assisted enteroscopy for jejunal SPJP.

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