DOI: 10.3390/cancers16010163 ISSN: 2072-6694

A 16-Year Single-Center Series of Trachea Resections for Locally Advanced Thyroid Carcinoma

Julia I. Staubitz-Vernazza, Sina Schwind, Oana Lozan, Thomas J. Musholt
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

(1) Background: Infiltration of the aerodigestive tract in advanced thyroid carcinoma determines the prognosis and quality of life. Different stages of tracheal tumor invasion require customization of the surgical concept. (2) Methods: In the period from January 2007 to January 2023, patients who underwent surgery for advanced thyroid carcinomas with trachea resections were included in a retrospective observational study. The surgical resection concepts and operation-associated complications were documented. The overall survival and post-resection survival were analyzed. (3) Results: From 2007 to 2023, at the single-center UMC Mainz, 33 patients (15 female and 18 male) underwent neck surgery with trachea resections for locally advanced thyroid carcinomas. Of these, 14 were treated with non-transmural (trachea shaving) and 19 transmural trachea resections (9 “window” resections, 6 near-circular resections, 3 sleeve resections and 1 total laryngectomy with extramucosal esophageal resection). The two-year postoperative survival rate was 82.0 percent. The two-year recurrence-free survival rate was 75.0 percent (mean follow-up period: 29.2 months). (4) Conclusions: Tracheal resections for locally advanced tumor infiltration are feasible as an element of highly individualized treatment concepts.

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