DOI: 10.3390/cryst13121655 ISSN: 2073-4352

5-Fluoro-1-Methyl-Pyrazol-4-yl-Substituted Nitronyl Nitroxide Radical and Its 3d Metal Complexes: Synthesis, Structure, and Magnetic Properties

Ekaterina Kudryavtseva, Andrey Serykh, Bogdan Ugrak, Tatyana Dutova, Darina Nasyrova, Dmitrii Aleshin, Nikolay Efimov, Pavel Dorovatovskii, Artem Bogomyakov, Sergey Fokin, Galina Romanenko, Anna Sergeeva, Evgeny Tretyakov
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemical Engineering

The metal–radical approach is a well-established synthetic way toward multi-spin systems that relies on the coordination of stable radical ligands with transition metal ions. The advantage offered by the use of paramagnetic ligands is that metal–radical magnetic exchange coupling is direct between the magnetic orbitals of the radical and metal ion. With the aim of further exploring this approach, crystals of four heterspin complexes, [M(hfac)2LF]2 {M = Mn, Co, or Ni and hfac = hexafluoroacetylacetonate} and [Cu(hfac)2LF]n, were obtained using a new fluorinated pyrazolyl-substituted nitronyl nitroxide radical, 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(5-fluoro-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-3-oxide-1-oxyl (LF) as a ligand. The newly synthesized complexes were fully characterized, including X-ray crystallography and magnetometry. XRD analysis revealed that complexes [M(hfac)2LF]2 have similar dimer structures in which a metal ion is in a six-coordinated environment with four O atoms from the two hfac ligands, one radical O atom, and one pyrazole N atom from ligand LF. Nonetheless, the packing patterns of the complexes were found to be considerably different. In [Mn(hfac)2LF]2, there are no magnetically important short contacts between manganese dimers. By contrast, in [Co(hfac)2LF]2 and [Ni(hfac)2LF]2, there are short contacts between non-coordinate O atoms of nitronyl nitroxide moieties. Magnetic behaviors of [M(hfac)2LF]2 showed that the M ions and the directly coordinated radicals are strongly antiferromagnetically coupled (JMn-ON = −84.1 ± 1.5 cm−1, JCo-ON = −134.3 ± 2.6 cm−1, and JNi-ON = −276.2 ± 2.1 cm−1; H^=−2JS⃑^MS⃑^NO). Notably, the magnetization of [Mn(hfac)2LF]2 having molecular structure proved to be accompanied by hysteresis. The [Cu(hfac)2LF]n complex has a chain-polymer structure with alternating magnetic fragments: three spin exchange clusters {ONO–Cu(II)–ONO} and {Cu(II)} ions. Despite the direct coordination of radicals, its magnetic properties are weakly ferromagnetic (JCu-ON = 14.8 ± 0.3 cm−1).

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