DOI: 10.3390/polym15132780 ISSN: 2073-4360

3D-Printed Polyamide 12/Styrene–Acrylic Copolymer–Boron Nitride (PA12/SA–BN) Composite with Macro and Micro Double Anisotropic Thermally Conductive Structures

Minhang Chen, Xiaojie Chen, Junle Zhang, Bingfeng Xue, Shangyu Zhai, Haibo She, Yuancheng Zhang, Zhe Cui, Peng Fu, Xinchang Pang, Minying Liu, Xiaomeng Zhang
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Chemistry

Anisotropic thermally conductive composites are very critical for precise thermal management of electronic devices. In this work, in order to prepare a composite with significant anisotropic thermal conductivity, polyamide 12/styrene–acrylic copolymer–boron nitride (PA12/SA–BN) composites with macro and micro double anisotropic structures were fabricated successfully using 3D printing and micro-shear methods. The morphologies and thermally conductive properties of composites were systematically characterized via SEM, XRD, and the laser flash method. Experimental results indicate that the through-plane thermal conductivity of the composite is 4.2 W/(m·K) with only 21.4 wt% BN, which is five times higher than that of the composite with randomly oriented BN. Simulation results show that the macro-anisotropic structure of the composite (caused by the selective distribution of BN) as well as the micro-anisotropic structure (caused by the orientation structure of BN) both play critical roles in spreading heat along the specified direction. Therefore, as-obtained composites with double anisotropic structures possess great potential for the application inefficient and controllable thermal management in various fields.

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