Chunqiang Wang, Yuzhu Fan, Minfan Pei, Chaoqun Yan, Taigang Liang

3D and 2D-QSAR Studies on Natural Flavonoids for Nitric Oxide Production Inhibitory Activity

  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Molecular Medicine

Background: Nitric oxide (NO), an important second messenger molecule, regulates numerous physiological responses, while excessive NO generates negative effects on the circulatory, nervous and immune systems. Recently, some natural flavonoids were reported to possess the capability of inhibiting LPS-induced NO production. To fully understand the nature of their own NO inhibitory activity, it is necessary to address the structural requirements of flavonoids as NO inhibitors. Objective: The objective of this work was to develop efficient QSAR models for predicting the NOinhibitory activity of new flavonoids and improving insights into the critical properties of the chemical structures that were required for the ideal NO production inhibitory activities. Methods: To provide insights into the structural basis of flavonoids as NO inhibitors, 3D quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) and 2D-QSAR models were developed on a dataset of 55 flavonoids using comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA), comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) and hologram quantitative structure-activity relationship (HQSAR) approaches. method: CoMFA, CoMSIA combining HQSAR methods were employed on a series of flavonoids to generate 3D and 2D-QSAR models. Results: The statistically significant models for CoMFA, CoMSIA and HQSAR resulted in crossvalidated coefficient (q2) values of 0.523, 0.572 and 0.639, non-cross-validated coefficient (r2) values of 0.793, 0.828 and 0.852, respectively. The robustness of these models was further affirmed using a test set of 18 compounds, which resulted in predictive correlation coefficients (r2 pred) of 0.968, 0.954 and 0.906. Furthermore, the models-derived contour maps were appraised for activity trends for the molecules analyzed. result: Comparative Molecular Field Analysis (CoMFA), Comparative Molecular Similarity Indices Analysis (CoMSIA) combining hologram quantitative structure-activity relationship (HQSAR) methods were employed on a series of flavonoids to generate 3D and 2D-QSAR models. Result: The obtained models can be used to predict the activities of new flavonoids and identify the key structural features affecting the NO inhibitory activities. Conclusion: The 3D and 2D-QSAR models constructed in this paper were efficient in estimating the NO inhibitory activities of flavonoids and facilitating the design of flavonoid-derived NO production inhibitors. other: none

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