DOI: 10.1002/adom.202302563 ISSN: 2195-1071

2D Double Heterostructure Infrared Photodetector with Type‐III Band Alignment by Incorporating Bi2Se3 Layer

Jingyi Ma, Shengdi Chen, Lei Zhao, Jianru Chen, Zhibin Lan, Mengmeng Yang, Yiming Sun, Zhaoqiang Zheng, Wei Gao, Jingbo Li
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


Two‐dimensional (2D) self‐powered photodetectors have attracted considerable attention due to their exceptional sensitivity, and low dark current. However, the poor responsivity of single heterojunctions with type‐III band alignment is primarily attributed to band‐to‐band tunneling. The implementation of a double heterojunction has the potential to enhance photovoltaic responsivity, enable broadband detection, and improve response speed. In this study, a back‐to‐back type‐III band alignment based on SnSe2/Bi2Se3/MoTe2 double heterostructure by dry transfer method is designed. As a result, it exhibited an impressive photovoltaic performance in the overlapping region. Achieving a maximum responsivity (R), external quantum efficiency (EQE), photoelectric conversion efficiency (PCE), and specific detectiviy (D*) of 493 mA W−1, 76 %, 3 % and 1.8 × 1011 Jones at a gate voltage (Vg) of 60 V under 808 nm illumination. It can be ascribed to the effective depletion region at the SnSe2/Bi2Se3 interface and the reversed band edge from depletion to accumulation mode at Bi2Se3/MoTe2 interface. In addition, a faster response speed of 553/583 µs and a lower dark current of 2.9 pA can be obtained. Moreover, this double heterostructure achieves better photovoltaic performance with Vg compared to the single MoTe2/SnSe2 heterojunction. These results demonstrates the potential as a candidate for back‐to‐back type‐III band alignment in low power optoelectronics.

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