DOI: 10.2337/db23-235-lb ISSN: 0012-1797

235-LB: Incretin-Linked Adipose Tissue Microvascular Blood Flow in Healthy People With and Without a Family History of Type 2 Diabetes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

Adipose tissue microvascular blood flow (ATMBF) increases in response to a mixed meal challenge (MMC) to promote nutrient storage. This vascular action is impaired in apparently healthy people with a parent with type 2 diabetes (FH+). The mechanisms for this vascular impairment in FH+ are unknow. We aimed to investigate whether incretins [glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)] are associated with ATMBF responses to a MMC. Thirteen healthy (FH-, no parents or grandparents with type 2 diabetes) and fourteen FH+ underwent a 2-hr MMC after an overnight fast. Age, BMI, fasting and peak postprandial blood glucose and plasma insulin concentrations were similar between FH- and FH+ (Table 1). Baseline ATMBF, assessed by contrast ultrasound, was similar between groups, but was impaired in FH+ in response to the MMC (Table 1). Peak plasma GLP-1 and GIP concentrations, but not their ratio (GLP-1:GIP), were higher in FH+ in response to the MMC (Table 1). GLP-1 and GIP concentrations were not associated with ATMBF, however, GLP-1:GIP was significantly associated with postprandial ATMBF at 1-hr (p=0.025, r=0.46). We conclude that impaired postprandial ATMBF in FH+ is not exclusively linked to incretin levels. However, lower GLP-1:GIP ratios may be linked to impaired ATMBF responses in the postprandial state.


K. Roberts-thomson: None. L. Parker: None. M. Keske: None.

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