DOI: 10.2337/db23-192-or ISSN: 0012-1797

192-OR: Lipid-Induced Insulin Resistance in Brown Adipose Tissue Is Mediated by the sn-1,2 DAG-PKCe-IRKT1150 Phosphorylation Pathway

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

While there is substantial evidence that brown adipose tissue (BAT) is insulin-responsive, it remains unclear whether BAT becomes insulin resistant with high fat diet (HFD) feeding. Here, we examined the hypothesis that the sn-1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG)/Protein Kinase C epsilon (PKCε)/insulin receptor kinase (IRK)T1150 phosphorylation pathway may trigger HFD-induced BAT insulin resistance. To address this hypothesis we first studied two groups of male Sprague Dawley rats fed either a regular chow diet (RC) or a HFD. HFD-fed rats manifested BAT insulin resistance as reflected by reduced insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of IRKT1158 (p=0.03), AKTT308 (p=0.003), PDHS232 (p=0.0002), and PDHS300 (p=0.0004) compared to RC rats during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (HEC). These reductions in insulin signaling occured at the level of the IRK and were associated with increased sn-1,2 diacylglycerols (p=0.03) and increased PKCε translocation (p<0.004). These defects in insulin signaling were also associated with a 35% (p<0.009) reduction in insulin-stimulated BAT mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase/citrate synthase flux (VPDH/VCS) as assessed by LC-MS/MS and GC-MS measurements of C4C5 glutamate (m+2)/pyruvate (m+3) during a HEC where [13C6]glucose was the infusate. In order to assess the role of PKCε-induced IRKT1150 phosphorylation in this process we next studied the effects of HFD feeding in: 1) wild type mice fed a regular chow diet (WT), 2) wild type mice fed a HFD (WT-HFD) and 3) IRKT1150A knockin mice fed a HFD (IRKT1150A-HFD) and found that IRKT1150A-HFD mice have preserved levels of insulin-stimulated AKTS473 phosphorylation compared to WT-HFD mice (p=0.04).

Conclusion: These results demonstrate a critical role of the sn-1,2-DAG-PKCε-IRKT1150 phosphorylation pathway in mediating HFD-induced insulin resistance and mitochondrial dysfunction in BAT.


R.C.Gaspar: None. B.T.Hubbard: None. I.Sakuma: None. T.E.Lamoia: None. D.Zhang: None. G.I.Shulman: Consultant; Novo Nordisk, DiCerna Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Bayer Consumer Care AG, Kriya Therapeutics, Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc., ESPERION Therapeutics, Inc., Other Relationship; AstraZeneca, Merck & Co., Inc., Janssen Research & Development, LLC, iMetabolic Biopharma Corporation, Maze Therapeutics, 89bio, Inc., Equator Therapeutics, Inc., Generian Pharmaceuticals, Fortress Biotech, Inc., OrsoBio, Aro Biotherapeutics Company, Stock/Shareholder; Levels Health, Inc.

More from our Archive