DOI: 10.1093/noajnl/vdad141.063 ISSN: 2632-2498


Mitsuto Hanihara, Masakazu Ogiwara, Hirofumi Kazama, Hiroyuki Kinouchi
  • Surgery
  • Oncology
  • Neurology (clinical)


Background: Intraoperative MRI (iMRI) is an important modality in brain tumor surgery to identify residual tumors, however, it is problematic due to patient positional limitations. In this study, we investigated the usefulness of iMRI for posterior fossa lesions. Materials and Methods: Of 320 cases of brain tumors removed using iMRI from June 2016 to April 2023, 24 cases of posterior fossa lesions were included. Tumor type, approach method, imaging availability, tumor removal rate, and complications were examined retrospectively. Results: Tumor types included 8 gliomas, 5 epidermoid cysts, 4 meningiomas, 3 metastatic brain tumors, 1 schwannoma, and 3 others. Eleven patients underwent midline suboccipital approach in the supine position, 8 patients underwent lateral suboccipital approach, 2 patients underwent occipital transtentorial approach, and 2 patients underwent anterior transpetrosal approach in the supine position. transpetrosal approach in 2 cases and subtemporal approach in 1 case. iMRI showed residual lesion in 14 of 24 patients. More than half of the gliomas and epidermoid cysts had intraoperative residual disease, whereas only one meningioma did. Total resection was achieved except for one case of intentional residual schwannoma and two cases of glioma. Discussion: iMRI requires the upper body to fit within a gantry, and it is difficult to image in the park bench position. However, various approaches is possible by using a supine-lateral or semi-prone position. In the concorde position, where the fourth ventricle and upper cerebellum are approached, it is useful to insert a mat in the anterior thoracic and raise the upper body. For tumors in the dorsal brainstem and upper cerebellum, the occipital transtentorial approach was used. iMRI is effective in the removal of all tumors, including gliomas in intramedullary tumors and epidermoid cysts in extramedullary tumors. Conclusion: iMRI can be used in posterior cranial fossa lesions.

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