DOI: 10.1002/jcla.24991 ISSN: 0887-8013

Transient presence of stomatocytes: A clue to the diagnosis of overhydrated hereditary stomatocytosis in a child with beta‐thalassemia

Yanhui Chen, Qile Lin, Wenpeng Ni, Kunyi Deng, Lilian Li
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Biochemistry (medical)
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Hematology
  • Immunology and Allergy



Overhydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (OHSt) is a rare disorder characterized by abnormalities in erythrocytic volume homeostasis. Early and accurate diagnosis is essential for appropriate management and genetic counseling.


We present the case of a child with beta‐thalassemia and a history of multiple blood transfusions. Clinical presentation, laboratory findings, and genetic testing were reviewed. Peripheral blood smear examination and genetic analysis were performed.


The patient was admitted with severe anemia, and peripheral blood smear examination revealed the presence of up to 50% stomatocytes. Laboratory investigations showed abnormalities in red blood cell parameters, including decreased hemoglobin levels and increased mean corpuscular volume. Genetic testing identified a heterozygous mutation in the RHAG gene, confirming the diagnosis of OHSt. The presence of stomatocytes in the peripheral blood smear was transient, correlating with episodes of hemolysis and its control.

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