DOI: 10.3390/ijms242316991 ISSN: 1422-0067

Transcriptome Analysis of mRNA and lncRNA Related to Muscle Growth and Development in Gannan Yak and Jeryak

Yali Wei, Dashan Guo, Yanbin Bai, Zhanxin Liu, Jingsheng Li, Zongchang Chen, Bingang Shi, Zhidong Zhao, Jiang Hu, Xiangmin Han, Jiqing Wang, Xiu Liu, Shaobin Li, Fangfang Zhao
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • Catalysis

The production performance of Jeryak, resulting from the F1 generation of the cross between Gannan yak and Jersey cattle, exhibits a significantly superior outcome compared with that of Gannan yak. Therefore, we used an RNA-seq approach to identify differentially expressed mRNAs (DEMs) and differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs) influencing muscle growth and development in Gannan yaks and Jeryaks. A total of 304 differentially expressed lncRNAs and 1819 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified based on the screening criteria of |log 2 FC| > 1 and FDR < 0.05. Among these, 132 lncRNAs and 1081 mRNAs were found to be down-regulated, while 172 lncRNAs and 738 mRNAs were up-regulated. GO and KEGG analyses showed that the identified DELs and DEMs were enriched in the entries of pathways associated with muscle growth and development. On this basis, we constructed an lncRNA–mRNA interaction network. Interestingly, two candidate DELs (MSTRG.16260.9 and MSTRG.22127.1) had targeting relationships with 16 (MYC, IGFBP5, IGFBP2, MYH4, FGF6, etc.) genes related to muscle growth and development. These results could provide a basis for further studies on the roles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in muscle growth in Gannan yaks and Jeryak breeds.

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