DOI: 10.3390/nano13162349 ISSN:

Temperature-Dependent Phonon Scattering and Photoluminescence in Vertical MoS2/WSe2 Heterostructures

Wajid Ali, Ye Liu, Ming Huang, Yunfei Xie, Ziwei Li
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemical Engineering

Transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers and their heterostructures have attracted considerable attention due to their distinct properties. In this work, we performed a systematic investigation of MoS2/WSe2 heterostructures, focusing on their temperature-dependent Raman and photoluminescence (PL) characteristics in the range of 79 to 473 K. Our Raman analysis revealed that both the longitudinal and transverse modes of the heterostructure exhibit linear shifts towards low frequencies with increasing temperatures. The peak position and intensity of PL spectra also showed pronounced temperature dependency. The activation energy of thermal-quenching-induced PL emissions was estimated as 61.5 meV and 82.6 meV for WSe2 and MoS2, respectively. Additionally, we observed that the spectral full width at half maximum (FWHM) of Raman and PL peaks increases as the temperature increases, and these broadenings can be attributed to the phonon interaction and the expansion of the heterostructure’s thermal coefficients. This work provides valuable insights into the interlayer coupling of van der Waals heterostructures, which is essential for understanding their potential applications in extreme temperatures.

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