Tailoring the CO2 hydrogenation performance of Fe‐based catalyst via unique confinement effect of the carbon shellRuosong He, Yang Wang, Meng Li, Jianxin Liu, Yongqiang Gu, Wenhang Wang, Qiang Liu, Noritatsu Tsubaki, Mingbo Wu
- General Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
Even though Fe‐based catalysts have been widely employed for CO2 hydrogenation into hydrocarbons, oxygenates, liquid fuels, etc., the precise regulation of their physicochemical properties is needed to enhance the catalytic performance. Herein, under the guidance of the traditional concept in heterogeneous catalysis‐confinement effect, we construct a core‐shell structured catalyst Na‐Fe3O4@C to boost the CO2 hydrogenation performance. Benefiting from the carbon‐chain growth limitation, tailorable H2/CO2 ratio on the catalytic interface, and unique electronic property that all endowed by the confinement effect, the selectivity and space‐time yield of light olefins (C2=‐C4=) are as high as 47.4% and 15.9 g molFe‐1 h‐1, respectively, which are all notably higher than that from the shell‐less counterpart. The function mechanism of the confinement effect in Fe‐based catalysts are clarified in detail by multiple characterization and density functional theory (DFT). This work may offer a new prospect for the rational design of CO2 hydrogenation catalyst.